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Michigan Environmental Education Curriculum
The Watershed Concept

Author:

  • Ravi Shrestha
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech
  • The idea to represent river flows as sound developed from conversations with Andy Waisanen and Tom Auer. Andy Waisanen wrote the code to convert flow data to tones. The orchestrated (music) version of the sound files was graciously provided by Christopher N. Plummer, Assistant Professor, Department of Fine Arts, Michigan Technological University.

Advisors:

  • Dr. Marty Auer
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech
  • Joan Chadde
    Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science
    Mathematics and Environmental Education
  • Amy Keranen
    Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
  • Heather Bradway
    Hancock Middle School

Production:

Tech Alive

  • Animation and Web Design:
    Dr. Susan E. Hill
    Michigan Tech
  • Production Management:
    Dr. Martin T. Auer
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech

This web page was developed under a grant awarded to the Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.

Ms. Shawn Oppliger, Center Director and Project Coordinator
Ms. Joan Chadde, Center Education Program Coordinator and Project Coordinator
Mr. Thomas M. Occhipinti, MDEQ Environmental Education Coordinator and Grant Administrator

Media Credits

Title Page: The Watershed Concept

  • Hydrologic Cycle Extract animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

What Is A Watershed?

  • Watershed Boundary animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Maple Leaf photo: Paul Bolstad, University of Minnesota. www.ipmimages.org

Michigan's Watersheds

The Hydrologic Cycle

  • Hydrologic Cycle animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Precipitation

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Precipitation animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Infiltration

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Infiltration and Groundwater Flow animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Infiltration animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Groundwater

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Infiltration and Groundwater Flow animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Groundwater Zone illustration: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Runoff

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Runoff and Stream Flow animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Evaporation

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Evapotranspiration animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Evaporation animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Transpiration

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Evapotranspiration animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Transpiration animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

The Hydrologic Cycle Quiz

  • Hydrologic Cycle Quiz animation: © 2005 State of Michigan.

Stream Flow

  • Hydrologic Cycle, Runoff and Stream Flow animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Hydrograph illustration: © 2005 State of Michigan.

Land Use and the Hydrograph

  • Impervious Surface animation: © 2004 State of Michigan. Natural Ground photo: U.S. Forest Service, DOE/NREL. Single House photo: Terry Schuyler, DOE/NREL. Townhouse photo: Building America Program, DOE/NREL. Urban photo: Warren Gretz, DOE/NREL.

Urban versus Rural Runoff

  • Rouge River photo: Jim Hebert. Used with permission.
  • Sturgeon River photo: Nancy Auer. Used with permission.

Hydrograph Sound

  • Thanks to Andy Waisanen and Tom Auer for ideas and programming assistance supporting development of this activity.
  • Hydrograph Sound animation: © 2005 State of Michigan. Sturgeon River photo: Nancy Auer. Rouge River photo: Jim Hebert.

Water Management Control Structures

  • Dam Reservoir photo: Warren Gretz, DOE/NREL.
  • Dam with Fish Ladders photo: US Army Corps of Engineers, DOE/NREL.

Great Lakes Water Levels

  • Great Lakes Aerial photo: Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE.

Emerging Issue: Water Availability

  • North American Drought photo: NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center, NOAA, Scientific Visualization Studio, Television Production NASA-TV/GSFC.
  • Historical Drought photo: USDA.

Emerging Issue: Inter-Basin Water Transfer

  • India pipes photo: Halcrow Water Services - www.halcrowws.com. Used with permission.

Everyone Lives Downstream

  • Grand River photo: Michelle L. Storey. Used with permission.
  • River Pollution animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Bibliography

U.S. Geological Survey facts for Emerging Issues from Water-Use Information for Planners, Managers, Policy Makers, Educators, and the General Public.

Great Lakes statistics for Emerging Issues from Lake Michigan Federation, Great Lake Facts, Lake Michigan Facts and Statistics.

Disclaimer

External websites are not official web pages of Michigan Technological University or Tech Alive. While MTU recognizes the constitutional right of free speech for its University users of the Internet and the World Wide Web, it is not responsible, and hereby disclaims all liability for any data, information, or opinions contained in unofficial web pages. Any comments related to the contents of personal homepages should be directed to the author of the pages.

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