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Michigan Environmental Education Curriculum
Groundwater Supply

Author:

  • Paul Kennedy
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech

Advisors:

  • Dr. Alex Mayer
    Department of Geological Sciences & Engineering
    Michigan Tech
  • Joan Chadde
    Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science
    Mathematics and Environmental Education
  • Amy Keranen
    Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
  • Heather Bradway
    Hancock Middle School

Production:

Tech Alive

  • Animation and Web Design:
    Dr. Susan E. Hill
    Michigan Tech
  • Production Management:
    Dr. Martin T. Auer
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech

This web page was developed under a grant awarded to the Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.

Ms. Shawn Oppliger, Center Director and Project Coordinator
Ms. Joan Chadde, Center Education Program Coordinator and Project Coordinator
Mr. Thomas M. Occhipinti, MDEQ Environmental Education Coordinator and Grant Administrator

Media Credits

Title Page: Stream Monitoring

  • Healthy Forest Stream photo: WUP Center.
  • Waste Outlet photo: royalty-free image from the US EPA.

How Much Water is There?

  • World's Water illustration: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Data source: US EPA.

Importance of Healthy Streams

  • Unhealthy Stream photo: MDEQ.
  • Healthy Stream photo: Photo courtesy of USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Who Is Affected By Stream Quality?

  • Drinking Water photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Fishing photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Irrigation photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.

A Stream's Role In the Watershed

  • Watershed illustration: Paul Kennedy, using Microsoft Clipart.

Let's Take A Stream Tour

  • Stream photo: Photo courtesy of USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Physical Characteristics & Stream Habitat Assessment

  • Stream Measurement photo: WUP Center.

Physical Assessment

  • "Deer Creek" photo: WUP Center.
  • "Moose Creek" photo: WUP Center.
  • "Bear Creek" photo: MDEQ.
  • Habitat Assessment Worksheet animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Stream Flow

  • Flowing Stream photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Nonflowing Stream photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Flow Path

  • Aerial Stream photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Pools and Riffles

  • Stream with Riffles photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Sediment Deposition

  • Stream with Sediment photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Stream Bottom

  • Stream with Boulders photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Obstructions

  • Stream with Logs photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Channel Shape

  • Stream with Green Banks photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Erosion

  • Eroded Bank Stream photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Vegetation Variety

  • Forest Stream photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Vegetation Overhang

  • Stream with Overhanging Vegetation photo: WUP Center.
  • Stream figures: WUP Center.

Physical Assessment Wrapup

  • "Deer Creek" photo: WUP Center.
  • "Moose Creek" photo: WUP Center.
  • "Bear Creek" photo: MDEQ.

Water Chemistry

  • Agricultural Chemical photo: Photo courtesy of USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen

  • Data source: Mitchell and Stapp.
  • Stream Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Dissolved Oxygen Question

  • Dissolved Oxygen Question animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

pH in the Stream

  • Data source: Mitchell and Stapp and WUP Center.
  • Aquatic pH animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Turbidity

  • Turbidity photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Data source: Mitchell and Stapp.

Nitrogen and Phosphorous

  • Stream with Algae photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Data source: Mitchell and Stapp.

Nitrogen Question

  • Nitrogen Question animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Other Indicators

  • Wastewater Treatment Plant photo: Photo courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Data source: Mitchell and Stapp.

Algae Question

  • Algae Question animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Biological Characteristics

What Do We Expect to See?

  • Stream Sampling photo: WUP Center.

Pollution Sensitive Macroinvertebrates

  • Macroinvertebrate figures: Merrit and Cummins, University of Virginia.

Macroinvertebrates Somewhat Sensitive to Pollution

  • Macroinvertebrate figures: Merrit and Cummins, University of Virginia.

Macroinvertebrates Tolerant to Pollution

  • Macroinvertebrate figures: Merrit and Cummins, University of Virginia.

Instructions for Biological Assessment

  • Organism Count photo: WUP Center.

Biological Assessment

  • Biological Assessment animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Putting It All Together

  • Stream photo: WUP Center.

Bibliography

Mitchell, Mark K. and William B. Stapp. Field Manual for Water Quality Monitoring: An Environmental Education Program for Schools. Dexter, MI: Thomson-Shore, Inc., 1996.

United States Department of Agriculture. NWCC Technical Note 99-1, Stream Visual Assessment Protocol. 1998.

Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics & Environmental Education

Disclaimer

External websites are not official web pages of Michigan Technological University or Tech Alive. While MTU recognizes the constitutional right of free speech for its University users of the Internet and the World Wide Web, it is not responsible, and hereby disclaims all liability for any data, information, or opinions contained in unofficial web pages. Any comments related to the contents of personal homepages should be directed to the author of the pages.

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