Wetlands are one of the most
biologically productive ecosystems in the world. Biological
production refers to the amount of plant material that grows
in an area. Because wetlands are so productive, many types of
animals and insects are able to use wetlands. Wetlands are home
to so many plants, animals, and insects, that they can be thought
of as "biological supermarkets."
- Wetland plants provide food for many types of insects.
- Many fish are born in a wetland, partially because the
thick cover from plants offers a great place to hide from
may try to eat them. Wetlands are also home to many
insects eaten by fish.
- Wetlands are used by nearly all of Michigan's amphibians
and reptiles. They use wetlands to lay eggs, feed on insects,
and to hide from animals that may try to eat them.
- Migratory birds (birds that fly south for the winter) use
wetlands to nest, raise their young, and to feed on the insects,
and amphibians that also depend on wetlands.
DID YOU KNOW? Because Michigan gets cold during the winter,
most of the animals and insects found in a wetland do not live there
DID YOU KNOW? 43% of U.S. threatened and endangered species rely
on wetlands for their survival.
more about threatened and endangered species.