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Michigan Environmental Education Curriculum
Life Cycle Analysis of Paper and Plastic Bags

Author:

  • Luis Garcilaso
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech

Advisors:

  • Dr. Neil Hutzler
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech
  • Heather Luoto
    Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science Mathematics and Environmental Education (Engadine)
  • Kristine Bradof
    Center for Science & Environmental Outreach
    Michigan Tech
  • Linda Rulison
    Hancock Middle School

Production:

Tech Alive

  • Animation and Web Design:
    Dr. Susan E. Hill
    Michigan Tech
  • Web Layout:
    Peter Radecki
  • Production Management:
    Dr. Martin T. Auer
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering
    Michigan Tech

This web page was developed under a grant awarded to the Western Upper Peninsula Center for Science, Mathematics and Environmental Education by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.

Ms. Shawn Oppliger, Center Director and Project Coordinator
Ms. Joan Chadde, Center Education Program Coordinator and Project Coordinator
Mr. Thomas M. Occhipinti, MDEQ Environmental Education Coordinator and Grant Administrator

Media Credits

Title Page: Life Cycle Analysis of Paper and Plastic Bags

  • Life Cycle Diagram illustration: Luis Garcilaso.

Paper Bag Life Cycle Stages

  • Paper Page Life Cycle Diagram illustration: Luis Garcilaso.
  • Timber Harvesting photo: Charlie Blinn. Used with permission.
  • Pulping Process photo: Dr. Colin Horwitz, Carnegie Mellon University. Used with permission.

Plastic Bag Life Cycle Stages

  • Plastic Page Life Cycle Diagram illustration: Luis Garcilaso.

What is a Life Cycle Analysis

  • Life Cycle Analysis animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Investigating Volume

  • Bag Height animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Surprise photo: Luis Garcilaso.
  • People Volume photo: Brian Gilmore, David Petrou, and Huy Huynh. Used with permission.
  • Volume Calculator animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Weight Comparison

  • Bag photo: Luis Garcilaso.
  • Weight Experiment photo: Ben Harris, Harris Educational. Used with permission.
  • Bag Weight animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Transportation

  • Trucks photo: Courtesy of Raley's, DOE/NREL.
  • Weight Capacity animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Energy and Air Emissions

  • Life Cycle Emissions animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Pollution over France photo: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC, Visible Earth.
  • Urban Smog photo: Warren Gretz, DOE/NREL.

End of Life Choice - Reusing Bags!

  • Bag Reuse animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.
  • Bags in Trash photo: Warren Gretz, DOE/NREL.

End of Life Choice - Recycling and Landfill Comparison

  • Bag Recycle and Landfill animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Exploration

  • Paper and Plastic Kites photo: Warren Gretz, DOE/NREL.
  • Paper Recycling photo: Microsoft Clipart.

Choosing Paper or Plastic

  • CDs photo: Microsoft Clipart.
  • Paper Bag photo: Microsoft Clipart.

Time for a Quiz!!!

  • Bag Quiz animation: © 2004 State of Michigan.

Disclaimer

External websites are not official web pages of Michigan Technological University or Tech Alive. While MTU recognizes the constitutional right of free speech for its University users of the Internet and the World Wide Web, it is not responsible, and hereby disclaims all liability for any data, information, or opinions contained in unofficial web pages. Any comments related to the contents of personal homepages should be directed to the author of the pages.

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